Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; dH range: 9 - 20. Tropical; 21°C - 36°C (Ref. 36880)
Central America: Atlantic slope, from the Patuca River (Honduras) to the Matina River (Costa Rica); Pacific slope, from the Guasaule River (Nicaragua) to the Tempisque and Bebedero rivers (Costa Rica)(Ref.36377). Discovered in 1991 in the hot spring at Heviz (Balaton, Hungary) where it is established (Ref. 59043).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1672)
Inhabits lakes and swampy areas with muddy bottoms. Feeds on considerable ooze, detritus and filaments of algae (Ref. 36880). Forms pairs; both sexes territorial. Tolerant of high temperatures and able to survive in small water bodies during dry periods. (Ref. 59043).
Female tends the clutch. The larvae were attached to aquatic swimming plants because most oxygen is near the surface of the pool. Later female looks after the young, male defends the territory. This updates previous information from Ref. 1672.
McMahan, C.D., W.A. Matamoros, K.R. Piller and P. Chakrabarty, 2015. Taxonomy and systematics of the herichthyins (Cichlidae: Tribe Heroini), with the description of eight new Middle American Genera. Zootaxa 3999(2):211-234. (Ref. 104176)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00641 - 0.02841), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm<1; Fec=600-1,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100).