Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Nothobranchiidae
Etymology: Pronothobranchius: Greek, pro = front of + Greek, nothos = bastard, false + Greek, brangchia = gill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; non-migratory. Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 2059)
Africa: Lake Chad drainage basin in Nigeria, Chad and Central African Republic (Ref. 95020).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95020); 4.7 cm (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 15 - 17;
Vertebrae: 28 - 30. Diagnosis: It is distinguished from all congeners by the following unique combination of characters: males with about 30-50 dots on flank, each being lesser in diameter than the radius of the pupil, a proximal stripe on anal fin, pelvic fin reaching the genital papillae, dorsal fin tip reaching the caudal fin, females also with dots on flank; dorsal fin with 13-16 rays an27-29 scales in the median lateral series (Ref. 95020).
Found in temporary pools and swamps (Ref. 3788). A bottom spawner, with 1.5 months incubation (Ref. 27139). Difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Valdesalici, S., 2013. Pronothobranchius chirioi n. sp. a new annual killifish species from the Niger River drainage, with redescriptions of P. kiyawensis, P. gambiensis and P. seymouri (Cyprinidontiformes: Nothobranchiidae). Killi-Data Series 2013:21-41. (Ref. 95020)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: ; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .