Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Mochokidae
(Squeakers or upside-down catfishes)
Etymology: Chiloglanis: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Tropical; 5°N - 10°S
Africa: Niger basin (Ref. 57223, 81251), Oshun, Osse, Cross (Ref. 57223), headwaters of the Chad basin (Ref. 57223, 81251), and almost every river basin in Cameroon except the Ndian and Nyong; absent west of the Niger (Ref. 81251). Probably absent from the Congo basin where C. micropogon is found (see Ref. 87986).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57223)
Vertebrae: 30 - 33. Diagnosis: labial disk/sucker rather large (Ref. 57223, 81251), round or longer than broad rather than transversely oval (Ref. 81251). Mandibular barbels reduced; mandibular teeth numbering at most 6+6, often 5+5, and occasionally 4+4 (Ref. 57223, 81251). Adipose fin high (Ref. 81251), rounded posteriorly, beginning slightly ahead of anal-fin origin (Ref. 57223, 81251). Caudal fin deeply forked; eyes rather large; very pronounced sexual dimorphism: males (even in premature stages) with enlarged caudal fin, in particular the upper lobe which also becomes more pointed or even filamentous; males also have a large and rounded humeral process (Ref. 57223, 81251).
Coloration: live specimens: diffuse dark vertical bars (that may even form a marbled pattern) delimiting better defined paler (yellowish or olivaceous) areas; dark vertical bars also present at bases of pectoral and caudal fin bases, but caudal-fin lobes pale yellow; finally, anal fin marked with dark spots, but these are less distinct than those in C. disneyi collected at the same locality (Ref. 57223, 81251).
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Maximum total length 47 mm (Ref. 3202).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Paugy, D. and T.R. Roberts, 2003. Mochokidae. p. 195-268 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57223)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00259 - 0.01467), b=3.09 (2.88 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .