Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Percoidei
(Perchs) > Percidae
(Perches) > Percinae
Etymology: Percarina: Greek, perke = perch + Latin, carina = keel shaped, shell (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Temperate; 48°N - 45°N, 30°E - 41°E
Europe: Northwestern Black Sea basin in estuaries and coastal lakes, Danube, Dniestr, South Bug and Dniepr and their lower reaches.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
soft rays: 8 - 11;
Vertebrae: 33. Distinguished from Percarina maeotica by its unique character of having scaleless cheek. Differs further by the combination of the following characters: body and fin membranes almost transparent; back milky white without dark spots; 8-9 greyish round or irregularly-shaped blotches along base of dorsal fins (Ref. 59043).
Occurs in groups in fresh and brackish waters with salinities up to 7 ppt, abundant at depths around 5 m over black mud. Feeds predominantly on benthic invertebrates. Spawns in coastal waters close to river mouths, over mud bottom. Spawning occurs in May-June. More or less abundant in lower reaches of rivers and coastal lagoons but increased salinity resulting from reduced flow in all large rivers, which are now dammed, may pose threat to its population (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00484 - 0.02482), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .