Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal. Tropical
Western Central Pacific: southern Viet Nam to Java and western Borneo.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772); common length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 10 - 11;
soft rays: 6 - 7;
Vertebrae: 11 - 25. One or two spines on supraorbital ridge of frontal in juveniles (up to 50 mm SL); transition from cycloid to ctenoid scales initiated at around 30 mm SL; all body scales, except on throat, ctenoid over 60 mm SL; scales absent on soft parts of dorsal and anal fins; lateral line scales covered with small, subsidiary scales; cephalic portion of swimbladder appendage terminating on caudal foramen of cranium (Ref 10086).
Inhabits shallow coastal waters and estuaries; young and juveniles occur in mangrove swamps (Ref. 9772). Also caught with bottom trawls, and handlines (Ref. 9772). Sold fresh and dried salted in markets.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sasaki, K., 1995. A review of the Indo-West Pacific sciaenid genus Panna (Teleostei, Perciformes). Jap. J. Ichthyol. 42(1):27-37. (Ref. 10086)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.1 - 29.2, mean 28.5 (based on 988 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00267 - 0.01239), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .