Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Chromidotilapia: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 23°C - 26°C (Ref. 13614); 1°N - 3°S
Africa: Ogooue system, Gabon; specimens identified as C. kingsleyae from localities outside the Ogooue basin are presumed to be misidentifications, most often of C. mamonekenei and C. melaniae (Ref. 81260).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5616)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 14 - 15;
soft rays: 6 - 8. Diagnosis: 15-19 gill rakers on first gill arch; no large spots on flanks; 4-6 bands or 2 rows of dark blotches and short horizontal lines usually visible when stressed; body depth 25.9-39.6%, mean 35.1% standard length; lachrymal depth 24.6-26.8% head length, mean 25.6% HL); base body coloration light brown to ochre; caudal fin rounded to slightly truncate in females, truncate or with some elongate rays in upper lobe (occasionally also in lower lobe) in males; males one third larger than females (Ref. 81260).
Omnivorous, preferring smaller particles including small fish, albeit rarely (Ref. 52307). Polygamous, ovophilic, female mouthbrooding species (Ref. 52307, 81260) that does not form pair bonds (Ref. 52307). Maximum TL was recorded at 16.5 cm (Ref. 5616).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Daget, J., 1991. Chromidotilapia. p. 47-50. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5616)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00703 - 0.03260), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .