Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Pentanchidae
Etymology: Halaelurus: halos (Gr.), sea; ailouros (Gr.), cat, probably an allusion to the vernacular “catshark,” so named for its cat-like eyes. (See ETYFish); boesemani: In honor of Marinus Boeseman (1916-2006), curator of fishes at the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie (Leiden, Netherlands), for his “important” contributions to ichthyology. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 37 - 250 m (Ref. 6871). Deep-water; 21°N - 26°S
Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden and off Somalia; also known from Viet Nam, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Western Australia. However, the extensive range needs further confirmation, for several species may be involved (Ref. 47737).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 35 - ? cm
Max length : 48.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 244); 47.0 cm TL (female)
A little-known but wide-ranging bottom-dwelling shark found on continental and insular shelves (Ref. 11146). Probably caught with bottom trawls (Ref. 30573). Live-bearing (Ref. 50449).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Up to 4 egg capsules may be found in an oviduct but it is uncertain whether these hatch inside the oviduct or if the eggs are laid (Ref. 244). Live-bearing (Ref. 50449).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 19.6 - 27.9, mean 25 °C (based on 441 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00168 - 0.00717), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100).