Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Eviota: No etymology given, suggested by Christopher Scharpt: from Latin 'eu' for 'true' and 'iota' for anything very small, in combination 'truly very small' referring to it as being the smallest vertebrate at the time it has benn described by Jenkins (thus, making the suggestion by Scharpt plausible..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indo-Pacific: Japan, Micronesia (Palau and Yap), Hong Kong, northern Vietnam, Philippines, Indonesia (Java and Kalimantan to West Papua), and Western Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48637)
(total): 7 - 8;
soft rays: 7. Characterized by semi-translucent greyish body with internal stripe of alternating white and reddish brown; large brownish patch on lower side just posterior to pectoral fin base punctuated with large irregular white spots; from nape, along dorsal fin base, to dorsal surface of caudal peduncle with 14 brown spots/saddles; above anal fin base with 6-7 similar brown and white marks; first four dorsal spines of male and first two spines of female often elongate and filamentous; all pectoral rays unbranched; longitudinal scale series 22-23; ctenoid scales except on head, nape, breast and pectoral fin base; separated pelvic fins, bases joined by thin membrane; fourth pelvic ray with 2-8 branches; depth of body 4.0-4.5 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Inhabits shallow inshore algal reefs (Ref. 48637).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lachner, E.A. and S.J. Karnella, 1980. Fishes of the Indo-Pacific genus Eviota with descriptions of eight new species (Teleostei:Gobiidae). Smithson. Contrib. Zool. (315):127 p. (Ref. 5293)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.9 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 1961 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00332 - 0.01511), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 372 [156, 903] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.16 [0.61, 2.33] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.9, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.138 [0.057, 0.296] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.4 [8.3, 51.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 169 [43, 626] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.84 [1.57, 5.04] mg/100g (wet weight);