Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Eviota: No etymology given, suggested by Christopher Scharpt: from Latin 'eu' for 'true' and 'iota' for anything very small, in combination 'truly very small' referring to it as being the smallest vertebrate at the time it has benn described by Jenkins (thus, making the suggestion by Scharpt plausible.; irrasa: From the Latin irrasa meaning unpolished or unshaved, in reference to the indiscrete nature of the pigmentation pattern of the head and trunk (Ref. 5289) More on authors: Karnella & Lachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - 3 m (Ref. 58018), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Pacific: Cuyo Islands, Palawan, Philippines and the Southwest Islands of Palau.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5289)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 26. Characterized by the following: base of pectoral fin with two dark circular to oval spots, not sharply defined and often weakly connected, the upper spot somewhat larger than the lower; pectoral spots moderately pigmented, the intensity about equal to trunk bars; head (dorsally) and nape with dark, transverse, bars continuous over dorsal midline, and somewhat more heavily pigmented laterally; trunk with regular, dark, vertical bars, somewhat diffuse in outline, continuous over dorsal midline and usually not extending below midside anteriorly and much shorter posteriorly on peduncle; scale pockets dorsolaterally on trunk often weakly pigmented (Ref. 5289); characterized further by longitudinal scale series 24; ctenoid scales, absence on head, nape and base of pectoral fin; separated pelvic fins, only thin membrane joins bases; 8-11 branches on fourth pelvic ray; depth of body 4.1-4.7 in SL (Ref. 90102). Dorsal to anal fin-ray formula 9/8 (Ref. 116739).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Karnella, S.J. and E.A. Lachner, 1981. Three new species of the Eviota epiphanes group having vertical trunk bars (Pisces: Gobiidae). Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 94(1):264-275. (Ref. 5289)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.1 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 1584 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00332 - 0.01511), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .