Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Gobiusculus: Diminutive of Latin, gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 0 - ? m. Temperate; 71°N - 35°N, 10°W - 28°E
Eastern Atlantic: Faeroes, Vesterålen (Norway), and western Baltic to north-west Spain, excluding south-eastern North Sea. Reported from Estonia (Ref. 33247). Mediterranean reports, from Sicily and the Adriatic, require confirmation (Ref. 13729).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4696); max. reported age: 2.00 years (Ref. 35388)
(total): 7. Black spot on each side of the caudal peduncle. Males with a second similar spot behind each pectoral fin (Ref. 35388); eyes situated laterally; fully scaled; possess functioning suckers; caudal fins slightly notched (Ref. 92840).
Suprabenthic (Ref. 92840). Found inshore in groups around over-grown structures and among Laminaria or Zostera beds. Adults feed on small crustaceans (copepods, amphipods, mysids) and chaetognaths (Ref. 4696). Eggs are about 1 mm long, pear-shaped, and adhere to seagrass or weeds; hatch in 10 days (Ref. 4696). Pelagic larvae hatch at 2.5 mm length (Ref. 35388).
Repeat spawners (Ref. 4696). Eggs are found inside hollow Sacchoriza holdfasts or other smooth substrates (Ref. 4696). Nests of care-giving males contain eggs from several females (Ref. 115238).
Miller, P.J., 1986. Gobiidae. p. 1019-1085. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4696)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.9 - 13.1, mean 10.5 °C (based on 408 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00277 - 0.01371), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.34 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1; tmax=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .