Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic. Tropical; 32°N - 7°N
Probably Indo-Pacific: unknown locality of the type specimen.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89707)
soft rays: 8. Distinguished by the following characteristics: body mottled with brown and covered with small close-set dark brown spots; brown median fins, with small edged brown ocelli, fin margin is blackish; paired fins whitish proximally, brown distally; body depth contained 3.4 times in SL; head length 2.3 times in SL; slightly convex interorbital area; finely serrate preopercle, lower rear edge mostly smooth; posterior nostril slightly larger than anterior nostril; maxilla reaches vertical at rear edge of orbit; 3 rows of teeth on midlateral part of lower jaw (Ref. 89707).
This species is known only from the holotype which was collected during the circum-global voyage of the corvettes `L'Astrolabe' and 'La Zélée' which were attempting to find the South Pole. The authors noted that the provenance of this specimen was unknown. Since most of the fishes reported from the voyage were from the Indo-Pacific region, it seems likely that this species was also collected in the Indo-Pacific region. Habitat and biology is unknown.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00555 - 0.02374), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .