Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 6 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical; 8°N - 28°S
Indo-Pacific: Samoa (other records from throughout the Indo-Pacific Ocean may represent a species complex); also eastern Indian Ocean, Indonesia; north to Japan (Ryukyu Islands); east to French Polynesia (Rapa); south to Australia (Great Barrier Reef).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602)
soft rays: 8. Characterized by translucent greyish with orange scale margins; presence of six faint internal dark bars ventrally on body just above base of anal-fin to caudal peduncle; close-set, cheek with close-set, irregular dusky brown spots; ninth to fourteenth pectoral rays usually branched; longitudinal scale series 21-24; ctenoid scales, absent in head, nape, chest and pectoral fin base; separated pelvic fins, thin membrane joining bases; 4-7 branches on fourth pelvic ray; depth of body 3.5-4.1 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.4 - 29.3, mean 28.6 (based on 1840 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00300 - 0.01455), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .