Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Valenciennea: From Achille Valenciennes 1794-1865; he worked with Duméril, Cuvier and Lacepède since 1815; malacologist, author of a "Histoire naturelle des poissons" (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 15 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 30°N - 24°S
Indo-West Pacific: widely distributed in the eastern Indian Ocean and western tropical Pacific.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 5.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48637); max. reported age: 1 years (Ref. 56281)
soft rays: 12. Has 2 to 3 blue-bordered red longitudinal stripes on the head that extends faintly on the body, as well as red basal stripes on the dorsal and anal fins, a dark tip on the first dorsal fin, and red ocelli on the caudal fin; characterized further by pale grey body color on back, grading to white on lower side; without filamentous dorsal spines; rhomboid caudal fin, longer than head; length of caudal fin 2.8-3.5 in SL; longitudinal scale series 73-94; ctenoid body scales, becoming cycloid anteriorly below anterior part of fist of first dorsal fin; head or midline of nape without scales; side of nape with scales extending forward above middle to front of operculum; base of pectoral fin scaleless; usually partly scaled prepelvic area in adult; depth of body 5.1-6.2 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Inhabits shallow coastal sand and rubble flats, often near mangroves (Ref. 48637). Occur in areas of fine sand in shallow lagoon reefs. Adults occur in pairs while juveniles were often seen in small groups. Feed on small invertebrates by sifting mouthfuls of sand. Monogamous (Ref. 52884). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Breeding pairs are commonly found sharing a single burrow (Ref. 56281).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Pairs form upon maturation for breeding purposes (Ref. 56281, 58559). Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and social (Ref. 52884).
Hoese, D.F. and H.K. Larson, 1994. Revision of the Indo-Pacific gobiid fish genus Valenciennea, with descriptions of seven new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (23):71 p. (Ref. 8527)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.4 - 29.3, mean 28.6 (based on 2988 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00437 - 0.01201), b=3.02 (2.88 - 3.16), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 0.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .