Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Idiacanthinae
Etymology: Idiacanthus: Greek, idia = own privative + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 1239 - 2000 m (Ref. 58018). Deep-water; 25°S - 60°S
Subtropical to temperate waters in the southern hemisphere, probably limited by the subtropical convergence. Incidentally found in sub-Antarctic waters of the Southern Ocean.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 53.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7249)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Mesopelagic species (Ref. 75154). Pronounced sexual dimorphism: females are black, with well developed canine teeth, barbel and pelvic fins with six stripes. Males are dark-brown, have no teeth on maxilla and neither barbel nor pelvic fins (Ref. 47377). Apparently, females live below 500 m during the day and perform vertical migration at night to shallower depths; males always in deep water, ca 1,000-2,000 m (Ref. 5169).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Krueger, W.H., 1990. Idiacanthidae. p. 341-342. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 7249)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.1 - 3.7, mean 3.1 (based on 311 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00295 (0.00106 - 0.00822), b=3.09 (2.86 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .