Cynoglossus yokomaru, High-forehead genko sole

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Cynoglossus yokomaru Naito & Endo, 2019

High-forehead genko sole
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drawing shows typical species in Cynoglossidae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae (Tonguefishes) > Cynoglossinae
Etymology: Cynoglossus: Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335);  yokomaru: Named for research vessel Yoko-maru of the Seikai National Fisheries Research Institute, Fisheries Research Agency, from which almost all the types were collected; noun in apposition..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 20 - 157 m (Ref. 126070), usually ? - 110 m (Ref. 126070). Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: East China Sea and Yellow Sea.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 126070)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 115-119; Anal soft rays: 90 - 94; Vertebrae: 56 - 57. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: lateral lines 2, dorsolateral and midlateral on ocular side and none on the blind side; both sides with ctenoid scales; nostrils on ocular side 2, the posterior nostril immediately anterior to a point between eyes; head length shorter than its depth; posterior margin of ocular-side upper jaw do not reach below posterior rim of lower eye; body depth 25.8-30.2% SL; upper supraorbital length 35.5-47.3% HL; lower supraorbital length 48.8-64.3% HL; horizontal diameter of lower eye 10.1-17.4% HL; dorsolateral line long (DLL) and continuous with 61-70 scales; midlateral line (MLL) with 4-5 + 65-68 = 69-73 scales; scales above DLL 3-4; DLL-MLL with 10-12 scales; cephalodorsal line (CDL) 8 scales; D 115-119; A 90-94; caudal-fn rays 10 (rarely 8 or 9) and vertebrae 9 + 47-48 = 56-57 (Ref. 126070).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Naito, T. and H. Endo, 2019. A new tongue sole of the genus Cynoglossus from the East China Sea and Yellow Sea (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae). Ichthyol. Res. 66(3):400-410. (Ref. 126070)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 09 September 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
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Abundance
BRUVS
References
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Aquaculture profile
Strains
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Otoliths
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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (18 of 100).