Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Balistidae
Etymology: Xanthichthys: Greek, xanthos = yellow + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 50 m (Ref. 30573). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: South Africa eastward through northern Australia to New Guinea, north to southern Japan. Recorded from Australia as Xanthichthys ringens (Ref. 6936).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4420)
soft rays: 25 - 27. Cheek with 3 narrow, slightly diagonal dark-brown grooves. A longitudinal groove in front of eye. No enlarged osseous scales behind gill opening. Attains 26 cm SL.
A rare species that occurs in offshore reefs, often seen well above the bottom (Ref. 9710). Also taken by drive-in nets. Oviparous (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Matsuura, K., 2001. Balistidae. Triggerfishes. p. 3911-3928. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9770)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 20.8 - 28.9, mean 27.4 °C (based on 868 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02570 (0.01226 - 0.05388), b=2.93 (2.75 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 50.5 [19.1, 104.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.711 [0.442, 1.406] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.4, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.137 [0.065, 0.281] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.2 [15.5, 64.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 85.7 [27.1, 280.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1 [1, 2] mg/100g (wet weight);