Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Gobius: Latin, gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335); xoriguer: Refers to the Catalan name designating the common kestrel, Falco tinnunculus Linnaeus
1758, a very familiar falcon in Menorca where the first specimen was collected. Both kestrel goby and common kestrel share an orange-brown coloration. Noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 51 - 104 m (Ref. 123626). Subtropical; 45°N - 37°N, 6°W - 17°E (Ref. 123626)
Western Mediterranean: Balearic Islands, Spain; Corsica, France; Gulf of Lion, France. Known only from these 3 localities (as of 2021).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 123626)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 13. This species is distingushed by the follwoing set of characters: large eyes, ~27-28% of head length; (2) anterior nostril with a small triangular process; (3) 14 soft rays on D2, 13 soft rays on A; (4) enlarged first dorsal fin rays (adult males), with third D1 spine the longest, 23-27% SL; (5) uppermost P fin rays not free from membrane; (6) long V-shape pelvic fins, ~19% of standard length; (7) 50-51 scales on LL; (8) head oculoscapular canal with pores ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?1, ?2, and preopercular canal with pores ?, ?, ? present; (9) row x1 ending anteriorly behind pore ?; (10) a groove section between pore ? and ?1 connecting the anterior and the posterior oculoscapular canals; (11) suborbital row d discontinuous with large gap below suborbital rows 3 and 4; (12) rows o separated; (13) seven enlarged orange blotches on body side; (14) white dots on cheek and opercle on an orange background.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iglésias, S.P., J. Vukic, D.Y. Sellos, T. Soukupová and R. Sanda, 2021. Gobius xoriguer, a new offshore Mediterranean goby (Gobiidae), and phylogenetic relationships within the genus Gobius. Ichthyol. Res., online. (Ref. 123626)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .