Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Eviota: No etymology given, suggested by Christopher Scharpt: from Latin 'eu' for 'true' and 'iota' for anything very small, in combination 'truly very small' referring to it as being the smallest vertebrate at the time it has benn described by Jenkins (thus, making the suggestion by Scharpt plausible.; marteynae: Named for Marteyne van Well, the General Manager of the Six Senses Resort on Laamu Atoll.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 8 - 30 m (Ref. 122934), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: Maldives.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122934); 1.0 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: cephalic sensory-canal pore system only lacking an IT pore (Pattern 2); dorsal/anal fin-ray formula of 8/8; with one or more pectoral-fin rays branched; the fifth pelvic-fin ray present and 7-12% of fourth; deep body (23-32% SL); caudal peduncle deep (14-17% SL). Colouration: a rounded internal dark spot over the preural centrum, with 6 postanal bars, pectoral-fin base with scattered melanophores, and the distal 2/3 of first dorsal fin yellow with a black margin (Ref. 122934).
Specimens were collected or observed across a depth range of 8–30 m and were found under large pieces of coral rubble long a gentle slope on an inner patch reef. These were never observed in the open, but only found under coral rubble and living within the interstices of the reef (Ref. 122934).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Greenfield, D.W. and M.V. Erdmann, 2020. Eviota marteynae, a new dwarfgoby from the Maldive Islands (Teleostei: Gobiidae). J. Ocean Sci. Found. 35:94-101. (Ref. 122934)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00332 - 0.01511), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .