Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Hemichromis: Greek, hemis = half + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); paynei: This species is named in honor of Dr. Ian A. Payne, in recognition of his interest in the systematics and ecology of hemichromid cichlids in Sierra Leone (Ref. 43352).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: coastal basins in southeastern Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia (Ref. 43352, 52307).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 52307)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 13 - 15;
soft rays: 7 - 8. Diagnosis: A small Hemichromis characterized by a small mouth and moderately protractile premaxilla, an extensive, stochastically distributed pattern of blue spangling on the head and flanks, a round black lateral spot located above the midlateral line, a rather short snout, 7.8-10.8% of standard length, moderately wide interorbital distance, 9.6-11.8% of standard length, deep caudal peduncle, 17.6-19.8% of standard length, and a strongly sagittiform, heavily dentigerous lower pharyngeal bone with 20-24 teeth along its posterior margin; lower pharyngeal dentition crested, with a major cusp and a rounded shoulder with two or three distinct serrations evident, both the postero-laterals and medians bulbous and enlarged (Ref. 43352).
Hemichromis paynei is found mainly in coastal areas (Ref. 52307). All specimens referred to as Hemichromis paynei in aquarist publications before 2004 do not actually belong to this species; they have definitely been misidentified (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Loiselle, P.V., 1979. A revision of the genus Hemichromis Peters 1858 (Teleostei: Cichlidae). I. - The Hemichromis fasciatus species group. II. - The Hemichromis bimaculatus species group. III. - The Hemichromis guttatus species group. IV - The Hemichromis letourneauxi species group. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent. Ser. 8, Zool., 228:1-124. (Ref. 43352)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .