Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Astyanax: The name of Astyanax, Hector´s son in the Greek mithology (Ref. 45335); ocotal: Named for the type locality, Laguna Ocotal. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Central America: Lakes Ocotal and Metzabok, and Río Tulijá in northern Chiapas, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 118583)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 22 - 24;
Vertebrae: 31. Astyanax ocotal is distinguished from other congeners in the region by the following characters: head length, 29-33% SL (vs. 22- 28% in A. angustifrons and A. finitimus, to 30% in A. aeneus); anal-fin base length, 26% SL or less (vs. 26% or more in A. aeneus and A. finitimus); lower-limb gill rakers in first arch, 15-16 (vs. 14 or fewer in A. angustifrons and A. finitimus); urohyal, ventral apex closer to caudal end (vs. about equidistant between rostral and caudal ends in A. finitimus); epibranchial III, distal segment straight (vs. curved in A. finitimus); preopercle with divergent canals at angle (vs. canals parallel in A. angustifrons); coracoid with 4-5 interdigitations in suture to cleithrum (vs. 2-3 in A. angustifrons) (Ref. 118583).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schmitter-Soto, J.J., 2017. A revision of Astyanax (Characiformes: Characidae) in Central and North America, with the description of nine new species. J. Nat. Hist. 51(23/24):1-94. (Ref. 118583)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00615 - 0.02826), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .