Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Anostomidae
Etymology: Leporinus: Latin, lepus, leporis = rabbit (Ref. 45335); multimaculatus: From the Latin adjective multus, meaning many, and maculatus, meaning spot, in reference of the presence of many dark blotches on the body.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: small tributaries at the rio Araguaia, rioTocantins and rio Xingu basins in Goiás, Mato Grosso, Pará and Tocantins states; rio Jari basin and coastal drainages of Amapá state in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 117595)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 10;
Vertebrae: 36 - 37. Leporinus multimaculatus can be diagnosed from all other species of anostomids except Hypomasticus julii, H. megalepis, H. pachycheilus, Leporinus gomesi, L. granti, L. nijsseni, L. santosi and L. torrenticola, by possessing one dark blotch lon midline of anterior portion of the flank (between opercle and origin of pelvic fin) surrounded by five to seven dark blotches (vs. anterior portion of flank with dark longitudinal stripes, or with dark transversal bars, or with dark blotches not forming the aforementioned pattern). Leporinus multimaculatus differs from Hypomasticus julii, H. pachycheilus, Leporinus gomesi, L. granti, L. nijsseni, and L. santosi, by having three teeth on premaxilla (vs. four), and subinferior mouth (vs. inferior in Hypomasticus julii and H. pachycheilus, and terminal in Leporinus gomesi, L. granti, L. nijsseni, and L. santosi); and from H. megalepis and L. torrenticola by possessing 12 scale rows around caudal peduncle (vs. 16) (Ref. 117595).
Prefers small tributaries over large rivers. Feeds mainly on on leafs, flowers, fruits, seeds and filamentous algae (Ref. 117595).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Birindelli, J.O., T.F. Teixeira and H.A. Britski, 2016. Two new species of Leporinus Agassiz, 1929 (Characiformes: Anostomidae) from tributaries of the lower Amazon basin in Brazil. Zootaxa 4178(1):97-115. (Ref. 117595)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00535 - 0.02247), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .