Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Pseudotothyris: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, ous, otis = ear + Greek, thyris, -idos = little door (Ref. 45335); ignota: Derived from the Latin ignotus, meaning unknown or ignored, because this species has been identified as Pseudotothyris obtusa since the description of the older species in 1911.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: coastal drainages from Iguape in São Paulo state to São João do Rio Vermelho in Santa Catarina state, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116384)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6;
Vertebrae: 28 - 29. Pseudotothyris ignota is distinguished from all congeners by possessing the anterior margin of snout with an odontode-free band (vs. anterior margin of snout completely covered by odontodes). It can be further differentiated from Pseudotothyris obtusa by having 32-47 teeth on the upper pharyngeal toothplate (vs. 20-30); 15-31 teeth on ceratobranchial 5 (vs. 12-15); first anal-fin pterygiophore contacting the 13th vertebra (vs. 12th); and metapterygoid-hyomandibula suture complete, the bones contacting each other dorsally to the suture (vs. metapterygoid-hyomandibula suture reduced, the bones not contacting each other dorsally to the suture. It can be further distinguished from Pseudotothyris janeirensis by the presence of three transverse dark saddles on the dorsum (vs. absence); absence of spinelet (vs. presence); generally presence of subocular cheek plate (vs. always absence); and odontodes on lateral plates randomly distributed (vs. odontodes aligned in well-defined series) (Ref. 116384).
Inhabits coastal drainages from Iguape in São Paulo state to São João do Rio Vermelho in Santa
Catarina state, Brazil. Occurs sympatrically with Pseudotothyris obtusa in small coastal drainages in Iguape, Cananéia, and Ilha Comprida, which are adjacent to Ribeira de Iguape basin (Ref. 116384).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Martins, F.O., H.A. Britski and F. Langeani, 2014. Systematics of Pseudotothyris (Loricariidae: Hypoptopomatinae). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 170:822-874. (Ref. 116384)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00221 - 0.01307), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .