Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Hemigrammus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335); durbinae: Named for Marion Durbin Ellis (née Marion Lee Durbin) (born 1887, deceased apparently in 1972), Carl Eigenmann´s student and latter a limnologist and environmental toxicologist working at the University of Missouri in Columbia, who devoted herself diligently into the most comprehensive study on Hemigrammus so far. A genitive noun.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Amazon basin at the middle and upper portions of the rio Madeira, lower rio Purus, middle rio Solimões/Amazonas, and lower rio Tapajós in Brazil; rio Paraguai basin in Brazil and Paraguay; and from the rio Paraná basin in Paraguay.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 101340)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 20 - 25;
Vertebrae: 32 - 34. Hemigrammus durbinae can be diagnosed from most congeners, except H. marginatus, by lacking a conspicuous humeral spot and by having two dark patches of pigmentation on caudal-fin lobes. It differs from H. marginatus by having two conspicuous patches of dark pigmentation occupying most of the caudal-fin lobes, except the tips, which are hyaline (vs. relatively faint dark pigmentation along caudal-fin distal portion, tips of caudal fin dark) and by having two dark narrow stripes along anal-fin base, the first sub-parallel to anal-fin base, extending approximately along region where hypaxial musculature and the muscles of anal fin meet, and the second along anal-fin base (vs. only an inconspicuous dark stripe along anal-fin base present). Other characters useful to differentiate it from H. marginatus include the following: 5-8 pored lateral line scales (vs. 8-14); upper jaw length 32.1-41.6% in head length (vs. 42.3-46.0%); length of dorsal-fin base 9.9-13.1% of SL (vs.13.6-15.1% of SL); length of dorsal-fin length 22.7-27.1% of SL (vs. 27.6-32.6% of SL); and distance from eye to dorsal-fin origin 38.7-45.9% of SL (vs. 34.6-37.8% of SL) (Ref. 101340).
Found in large floodplain lakes. Stomach contents were composed mainly of terrestrial insects (Ref. 101340).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ota, R.P., F.C.T. Lima and C.S. Pavanelli, 2015. A new species of Hemigrammus Gill, 1858 (Characiformes: Characidae) from the centran and western Amazon and rio Paraná-Paraguai basins. Zootaxa 3948(2):218-232. (Ref. 101340)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00644 - 0.03242), b=3.06 (2.87 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .