Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Trimma: Greek, trimma, -atos = something crushed (Ref. 45335); pentherum: Name from Greek 'pentheros' meaning 'of mourning', apparently alluding to the black bar on the pectoral-fin base which, with considerable imagination, could be viewed as analogous to the black arm band worn to signify the death of a close friend or relative in certain cultures.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 24 m (Ref. 100726). Tropical
Western Pacific: Australia (the Great Barrier Reef) to Tonga and north to the South West Islands of Palau.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 100726)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished by the following characters: a concave bony interorbital which is less than half pupil-diameter in width; slight or no groove posterodorsal to eye; presence of scales in the midline of the predorsal region; absence of opercular scales; the fifth pelvic ray is branched once dichotomously and more than 80% the length of the fourth ray; adults with the epaxial musculature reaching anteromedially to a point in line with the posterior margin of the eye; elongated spines in first dorsal fin absent (the second spine is longest, reaching to the region of the base of the second dorsal-fin spine); scale pockets are strongly outlined by melanophores and chromatophores; with a dark, vertical bar on the base of the pectoral fin; 6 grey saddles across the dorsum (Ref. 100726).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Winterbottom, R. and D.F. Hoese, 2015. A revision of the Australian species of Trimma (Actinopterygii, Gobiidae), with descriptions of six new species and redescriptions of twenty-three valid species. Zootaxa 3934(1):001-102. (Ref. 100726)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00412 - 0.01842), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .