Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Eviota: No etymology given, suggested by Christopher Scharpt: from Latin 'eu' for 'true' and 'iota' for anything very small, in combination 'truly very small' referring to it as being the smallest vertebrate at the time it has benn described by Jenkins (thus, making the suggestion by Scharpt plausible.; sodwanaensis: Named for its type locality, Sodwana Bay (an adjective), plus the Latin suffix ensis denoting locality of occurrence,
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 14 - 30 m (Ref. 111251), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C -
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Indian Ocean: Kwazulu-Natal Province, South Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111251); 1.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7. This species is distinguished by the following characters: complete cephalic sensory-pore system (pattern 1); 15 pectoral-fin rays, 9-14 are branched; dorsal/anal fin-ray formula, 8/7; short fifth pelvic-fin ray, 20% of 4th ray; with a dark occipital spot and a dark spot on preural centrum; orange (not dark) spots on pectoral-fin base 2, the upper one twice size of lower; first dorsal and anal fins are black; second dorsal fin dark (Ref. 111251).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Greenfield, D.W. and R. Winterbottom, 2016. Eviota sodwanaensis, a new dwarfgoby from South Africa (Teleostei: Gobiidae). J. Ocean Sci. Found. 22:53-57. (Ref. 111251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00332 - 0.01511), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .