Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Upeneus: Greek, ypene, -es = upper lip (Ref. 45335); torres: Named for its type locality, Torres Strait (in turn named after Luis Váez de Torres, a 16th-17th century maritime explorer; noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 12 - 351 m (Ref. 98481). Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
East Indian to Western Pacific: NW Australia and Vanuatu.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 98481)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VII,9; pectoral fins 13-15; gill rakers 5-7 + 16-19 = 22-25. Adult measurements in %SL: body depth at first dorsal-fin origin 23-27 and at anus 19-22; caudal-peduncle depth 8.9-11; maximum head depth 19-23, while head depth through eye 15-19; head length 28-31; orbit length 7.4-8.9; upper jaw length 10-12; barbel length 24-26; caudal-fin length 28-30; anal-fin height 16-20; pelvic-fin length 20-23; pectoral-fin length 24-26; first dorsal-fin height 21-24 and second dorsal-fin height 16-19. Colouration: upper caudal-fin lobe with 4 pale brown or red oblique bars when fresh; the lower caudal-fin lobe is almost entirely covered by a broad, distally darkening orange or red stripe, bordered by white pelvic-fin margin, white lobe tip, and dark fin margin dorsally; in preserved specimens only weak indications of upper caudal-fin lobe bars and a dark pigmented zone remain on the lower lobe close to tip; barbels are yellow; no or only weak indications of lateral body stripe; the head and body are rose or white ventrally and laterally, orange or red dorsally; preserved fish is uniformly pale brown or brown (Ref. 98481).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Uiblein, F. and D.C. Gledhill, 2014. A new goatfish of the genus Upeneus (Mullidae) from Australia and Vanuatu, with inter- and intraspecific comparisons. Mar. Biol. Res. (Ref. 98481)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00456 - 0.02002), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .