Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).; lorestanensis: Named for its type locality, Lorestan Province, including the Loven Cave.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 107074)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: no pigment and eyes (vs. presence of eyes and pigments in all epigean species); with mental disc (vs. absence in G. typhlops), with 2 pairs of barbels (vs. 3 in the sympatric subterranean loach, Paracobitis smithi; 1 in G. variabilis); naked body (vs. body fully covered by scales or scales restricted to lateral midline in G. widdowsoni); a K2P nearest-neighbor distance of 3.8% to G. typhlops and 4.2% to G. rufa (Ref. 107074).
Collected from a area with a small pool (about 2 m across narrowing rapidly inside) and flowing exit stream lower down the gorge (only at the beginning of spring for 40-60 days), about 50 m away from the main locality. The stream falls over a high waterfall (about 10 m) so that the locality is isolated from the local fishes in the main river (Ref. 107074).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mousavi-Sabet, H. and S. Eagderi, 2016. Garra lorestanensis, a new cave fish from the Tigris River drainage with remarks on the subterranean fishes in Iran (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) FishTaxa (2016) 1:45-54. (Ref. 107074)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00426 - 0.02047), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .