Hymenocephalus punt Schwarzhans, 2014

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Hymenocephalus punt
Picture by Schwarzhans, W.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Macrouridae (Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Hymenocephalus: Named for its transparent membrane-like head covering (‘‘hymen head’’) and fragile nature of head bones (Ref. 100825);  punt: Named for the mythic kingdom of Punt, which was thought to have been historically located in northern Somalia; noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 375 - 530 m (Ref. 98298).   Deep-water

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: probably limited off the shores of northern Somalia, Yemen and southern Oman.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 98298)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10. This species is distinguished by the following characters: 10-11 pelvic-fin rays;; 14-15 (13) pectoral-fin rays; 20-24 total gill rakers; moderately long barbel, 11-15% HL and reaching vertical through anterior rim of orbit; orbit 28-30% HL; pointed and protruding snout, 17.5-20% HL; ventral striae extending to about ? to ½ the distance from pelvic fin bases to periproct; the otolith moderately compressed (OL:OH = 1.0-1.05); colliculi separated, small; pseudocolliculum small (TCL:PCL = 1.9-2.2) (Ref. 98298).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Iwamoto, Tomio | Collaborators

Schwarzhans, W., 2014. Head and otolith morphology of the genera Hymenocephalus, Hymenogadus and Spicomacrurus (Macrouridae), with the description of three new species. Zootaxa 3888(1):1-73. (Ref. 98298)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00219 (0.00095 - 0.00502), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .