Hyphessobrycon kayabi Teixeira, Lima & Zuanon, 2014

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Hyphessobrycon kayabi
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Hyphessobrycon: Greek, hyphesson, -on, -on = a little smaller + Greek, bryko = to bite (Ref. 45335);  kayabi: Named for the the Kayabi Indians, a Tupi-speaking Indian nation, who, after suffering severe onslaughts from the western/Brazilian society during the first half of the 20th Century, still survive as a small group in a recently established area at the lower Rio Teles Pires, but mostly as a transplanted population at the Xingu Indigenous Park.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Rio Teles Pires, Rio Tapajós basin in Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94770)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-12; Anal soft rays: 21 - 24. Hyphessobrycon kayabi can be diagnosed from all its congeners, except for H. bifasciatus, H. cyanotaenia, H. heliacus, H. igneus, H. loweae and H. peugeoti by having distal border of the anal fin slightly convex to straight, without a distinct anterior lobe in adult males, with last unbranched ray and first to second branched ray shorter than the subsequent branched rays (vs. distinct anterior lobe present in most congeners, with last unbranched ray and first and second branched rays longer than remaining rays). It differs from H. bifasciatus, H. cyanotaenia, H. heliacus, H. igneus, H. loweae, and H. peugeoti by having octa- to decacuspid inner premaxillary teeth (vs. tetra- to pentacuspid in H. bifasciatus and H. igneus, heptacuspid in H. heliacus, penta- to heptacuspid in H. cyanotaenia and H. loweae, and hexa- to heptacuspid in H. peugeoti), and by having dark chromatophores concentrated on the posterior border of the body scales, forming a reticulated color pattern (vs. reticulated pattern absent). It can be separated from Hyphessobrycon heliacus, H. loweae, and H. peugeoti by the absence of an elongated, filamentous dorsal fin in adult males (vs. elongated, filamentous dorsal fin present in adult males). It further differs from H. bifasciatus by having a single humeral blotch (vs. two well-defined humeral blotches) and from H. bifasciatus and H. igneus by having 17-20 branched anal-fin rays (vs. 27-32 in H. bifasciatus, and 23-29 in H. igneus) and by the absence of hooks on anal fin in mature males (vs. presence in H.bifasciatus and H. igneus) (Ref. 94770).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The type locality, Lagoa Azul, a terra-firme lake near the margin of the Rio Teles Pires, connected to it, with crystal-clear water, fed by springs at the bottom of the lake, and large stands of subaquatic macrophytes. Stomach content analysis based on three specimens reveals that this species feeds mostly on vegetal matter (macrophyte fragments, unicellular and filamentous algae), and a smaller proportion of other organisms (testate amoebae, Cladocera, aquatic Hemiptera, Chironomidae larvae, unidentified invertebrate eggs). Observed during snorkeling sessions to browse on the periphyton growing on the surface of large submerged macrophytes leaves (Nymphaeaceae). Occurs syntopically at Lagoa Azul with other characids including Thayeria sp., Hemigrammus sp., Moenkhausia ceros, M. cotinho, M. colletti, and M. cf. lepidura, as well as several cichlids, anostomids, poeciliids, and stingrays (Ref. 94770).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Teixeira, T.F., F.C.T. Lima and J. Zuanon, 2013. A new Hyphessobrycon Durbin from the Rio Teles Pires. Rio Tapajós basin, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. (Characiformes: Characidae). Copeia 2013(4):612-621. (Ref. 94770)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





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FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00644 - 0.03242), b=3.06 (2.87 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .