Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Cyprininae
Etymology: Sinocyclocheilus: Latin, sino, sina = from China + Greek, kyklos = circle + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335); gracilis: From the Latin adjective gracilis, meaning slender, in reference to the elongated appearance of this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.3 - ?. Subtropical; 24°C - ? (Ref. 95535)
Asia: Diti spring in Guangxi, China.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95535)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 36 - 38. Sinocyclocheilus gracilis can be diagnosed from all congeners with the exception of S. jii, S. guilinensis, S. yishanensis, S. huangtianensis and S. macrolepis by having an unossified last unbranched dorsal-fin ray and lacking serrations along its posterior margin (vs. ossified and with serrations posteriorly). It has significantly larger lateral line scales than those in the rows immediately above and the below the lateral line compared to S. macrolepis having nearly the same size; and has fewer lateral line scales (46-50) compared to 57-69 in S. yishanensis. It can be separated from S. jii, S. huangtianensis and S. guilinensis in having the following characters: body depth 21.0-23.8% SL (vs. 23.4-33.2); eye diameter 3.9-4.9% SL (vs. 5.7-8.6); 12 rakers on the first gill arch (vs. 6-11); black spots on the sides in life absent (vs. present). It further differs from S. guilinensis in having 21-23 scale rows above (vs. 19-20) and 14-15 scale rows below (vs. 11-12) the lateral line; from S. jii in having 12 rakers on first gill arch (vs. 6-7) and snout length 8.0-11.5% SL (vs. 6.5-7.7); and from S. huangtianensis in having 36-38 scales on lateral line (vs. 52-59) (Ref. 95535).
Found in spring (Ref. 95535).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Li, J. and X.-H. Li, 2014. Sinocyclocheilus gracilis, a new species of hypogean fish from Guangxi, South China (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 24(3):249-256. (Ref. 95535)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00550 - 0.02508), b=3.00 (2.83 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .