Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Caristiidae
Etymology: Caristius: Name presumably named after Carystus, a demi-god of Greek mythology.; digitus: Name from Latin word 'digitus' meaning finger, referring to the fingerlike papillae on the dorsal surface of the hyoid.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range - 1260 m (Ref. 94277), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean (off South Africa) and Southwestern Pacific (east coast of Australia).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94277)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 21;
Vertebrae: 38. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: presence of multiple fingerlike papillae present along dorsal margin of hyoid arch and at articulation of interhyal and posterior ceratohyal; elongated pharyngobranchial teeth (vs. short, stout pharyngobranchial teeth); and high gill raker counts (22-26 vs. 18-22) (Ref. 94277).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stevenson, D.E. and C.P. Kenaley, 2013. Revision of the manefish genera Caristius and Platyberyx (Teleostei: Percomorpha: Caristiidae), with description of five new species. Copeia 2013(3):415-434. (Ref. 94277)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .