Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Hymenocephalus: Named for its transparent membrane-like head covering (‘‘hymen head’’) and fragile nature of head bones (Ref. 100825); maculicaudus: Name from Latin 'maculis' meaning spot and 'cauda' for tail; referring to the distinctive line of melanophores along the mid-lateral line anteriorly on the tail.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic. Deep-water; 33°S - 38°S (Ref. 97189)
Southwest Pacific: Tasman Sea including southern Lord Howe Rise, southern Norfolk Ridge, and northern New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97189)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following characters: pelvic fin rays 8 (rarely 7 or 9), gill rakers on first arch (outer/inner) 10-16/16-20; chin barbel length 7-16 % HL; orbit diameter 33-48 % HL; snout length 20-28 % HL; orbit to preopercular length 34-45 % HL; scattered melanophores ventrally on trunk and distinctive mid-lateral line of melanophores on tail that extends about a head length posterior to anal fin origin (Ref. 97189).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McMillan, P. and T. Iwamoto, 2014. Descriptions of four species of grenadier fishes of the genera Hymenocephalus and Hymenogadus (Teleostei, Gadiformes, Macrouridae) from the New Zealand region and Tasman Sea, including two new species of Hymenocephalus. Zootaxa 3856:117-134.. (Ref. 97189)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00219 (0.00095 - 0.00502), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .