Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Nemacheilidae
Etymology: Schistura: Greek, schizein = to divide + Greek, oura = tail; an allusion to forked caudal fins (Ref. 45335); maculosa: Derived from the Latin for ‘spotted’, in reference to the numerous black spots on the caudal and dorsal fins. Used as an adjective.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Asia: Tuingo and Pharsih Rivers, tributaries of Tuivai River, Mizoram, India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94258)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 35 - 36. This species is distinguished from other congeners from the Ganga-Brahmaputra basin and its adjacent basins by the combination of the following characters: 3-4 rows of black spots horizontally across dorsal-fin; 5-7 more or less organized rows of black spots on rays vertically across caudal-fin; slightly emarginated caudal-fin with 8+8 branched rays; 20-30 narrow black bars on the body; incomplete lateral line extending up to vertical through pelvic-fin origin, with 26-35 pores; males with a sub-orbital flap; and intestine looped behind the stomach (Ref. 94258).
Inhabits small pool with slow-flowing water and substrate composed of sand, gravel and rocks. Occurs in association with Exostoma cf. barakensis, Garra spp. and Lepidocephalichthys guntea. A female measuring 7.56 cm SL contained ovulae 0.8-1.2 mm in diameter (Ref. 94258).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lalronunga, S., Lalnuntluanga and Lalramaliana, 2013. Schistura maculosa, a new species of loach (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae) from Mizoram, northeastern India. Zootaxa 3718(6):583-590. (Ref. 94258)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00379 - 0.01909), b=2.92 (2.73 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .