Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Eviota: No etymology given, suggested by Christopher Scharpt: from Latin 'eu' for 'true' and 'iota' for anything very small, in combination 'truly very small' referring to it as being the smallest vertebrate at the time it has benn described by Jenkins (thus, making the suggestion by Scharpt plausible.; oculopiperita: Name from Latin 'oculus' for eye and 'piperita' meaning from the peppermint plant, Mentha piperita; referring to its eye color that resembles a peppermint candy.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 10 m (Ref. 94740), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.2 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished by the following characters: cephalic sensory-pore system categorized as pattern IV or having no PITO and IT pores, and AITO is enlarged; 8/8 dorsal/anal fin-ray formula; all pectoral-fin rays unbranched; fourth pelvic-fin ray with 9 branches; caudal-fin base without black spot, body without linear dark stripes or bright yellow midlateral stripe, and eye color white with radiating reddish bars emanating from pupil (Ref. 94740).
Collected on sandy slopes, coral patches, and lagoons (Ref. 94740).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Greenfield, D.W., S.V. Bogorodsky and A.O. Mal, 2014. Two new Red Sea dwarfgobies (Teleostei, Gobiidae, Eviota). J. Ocean Sci. Found. 10:1-10. (Ref. 94740)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00332 - 0.01511), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .