Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Eviota: No etymology given, suggested by Christopher Scharpt: from Latin 'eu' for 'true' and 'iota' for anything very small, in combination 'truly very small' referring to it as being the smallest vertebrate at the time it has benn described by Jenkins (thus, making the suggestion by Scharpt plausible.; hinanoae: Named for Hinano Murphy; where Hinano, a popular name among Tahitian women, is also the vernacular Tahitian name for the male flower of the Pandanus plant as well as the name of a popular beer in Tahiti.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 3 - 5 m (Ref. 94084). Tropical; 15°S - 23°S, 159°W - 134°W
Eastern Central Pacific: French Polynesia, Niue, Tonga and Fiji.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94084)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 9. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: cephalic sensory-canal pore pattern group 2, missing only is the IT pore; dorsal/anal ray formula 9/8; some pectoral-fin rays are branched; absence of the fifth pelvic-fin ray or may be rudimentary; trunk with approximately 8 distinct subcutaneous bars, the 2 bars originating over anterior half of anal fin, extending vertically to lateral midline or beyond, and 3 shorter bars originating over caudal peduncle, last of which often being confluent with prominent spot over the centre of the caudal peduncle; no distinct pair of dark spots on pectoral-fin base; male urogenital papilla with prominent lateral folds, cuplike in appearance (Ref. 94084).
Occurs mainly from shallow reefs. At Moorea, collected almost exclusively from patches of rubble around shallow lagoon reefs. Also found in tidepools and adjacent coral reef; rocky shore with porous volcanic rock and large table corals in water beneath rocks (Ref. 94084).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Tornabene, L., G.N. Ahmadia and J.T. Williams, 2013. Four new species of dwarfgobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Eviota) from the Austral, Gambier, Marquesas and Society Archipelagos, French Polynesia. Syst. Biodiver. 11(3):363-380. (Ref. 94084)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.9 - 28, mean 27.5 °C (based on 73 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00277 - 0.01371), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .