Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Auchenipteridae
(Driftwood catfishes) > Centromochlinae
Etymology: Glanidium: Diminutive of Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335); botocudo: Name is in reference to the Botocudo, the generic name given to native indigenous people wearing artifacts ('botoques') on ears and lips. Those Indians were the original inhabitants of large extensions of the Floresta Atlântica (Paraíso, 1992), including the lands along the rio Mucuri valley and far west, to the rio Doce, range of the new Glanidium species. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: coastal rivers systems (Rio Doce and Rio Mucuri) in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93811)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11;
Vertebrae: 36 - 37. This species is diagnosed from other species of Glanidium, except G. albescens, by the presence of small dark spots over a pale yellow ground color (vs. large dark blotches over a pale brown ground color). It differs from G. albescens by having pectoral fin spine length, about 21-26 % in SL (vs. 17-20% in SL), 10 ribs (vs. 9) and 36-37 vertebrae (vs. 38-39). The possession of 36 or 37 vertebrae separates this species from G. cesarpintoi, G. albescens, G. leopardum, G. melanopterum, G. catharinensis, and G. ribeiroi (with 38 or 39 in G. cesarpintoi, 38 or 39 in G. albescens, 40 or 41 in G. leopardum, 41 in G. melanopterum, 41 in G. catharinensis, and 44 in G. ribeiroi). It also differs from other species by having anterior margin of the pectoral-fin spine with serrae on its entire margin (vs. serrae restricted to distal portion of spine in G. melanopterum, G. catharinensis and G. ribeiroi or smooth anterior margin in G. leopardum) and by a long sharpened ventral process on urohyal (vs distinctly short robust process in G. melanopterum, G. cesarpintoi, G. catharinensis, and G. ribeiroi) (Ref. 93811).
Occurs in lotic sections of rivers and also lakes. Active at night. Feeds on allochthonous resources, such as beetles, and autochthonous aquatic invertebrates, such as insect larvae
and gastropods based on gut contents of 8.2 cm SL specimen (Ref. 93811).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sarmento-Soares, L.M. and R.F. Martins-Pinheiro, 2013. Glanidium botocudo, a new species from the rio Doce and rio Mucuri, Minas Gerais, Brazil(Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae) with comments on taxonomic position of Glanidium bockmanni Sarmento-Soares & Buckup. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 11(2):265-274. (Ref. 93811)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00181 - 0.01207), b=3.12 (2.90 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .