Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Hemiodontidae
Etymology: Hemiodus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); iratapuru: Named in in allusion to its type locality, the Rio Iratapuru. It is a vernacular Portuguese word, derived from the Tupi-Guarani. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Rio Jari and its tributary, Rio Iratapuru in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93237)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 10 - 12. Can be diagnosed from Hemiodus quadrimaculatus group and from H. ternetz i, H. thayeria and H. tocantinenss by the presence of a midlateral round spot and absence of uninterrupted longitudinal dark stripe from the opercular margin to the base of the caudal fin. Differs from the species of the Hemiodus quadrimaculatus group by having the following characters: 43-46 perforated scales in the lateral line; eight or nine longitudinal series of scales above the lateral line; five longitudinal series of scales below the lateral line; 10-12 teeth on the upper jaw. Distinguished from other species of Hemiodus , except those mentioned above, by the form of the distal border of the multicuspid teeth (vertically elongate, forming an arrowhead v. teeth with border straight or convex). Differs from all congeners, except Hemiodus atranalis , by having the first branched dorsal-fin ray elongated in the largest specimens (v. lacking such elongation) (Ref. 93237).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Langeani, F. and C.R. Moreira, 2013. Hemiodus iratapuru, a new species of Hemiodontidae from the Rio Jari, Amazon Basin, Brazil (Teleostei, Characiformes). J. Fish Biol. 82:1259-1268 (Ref. 93237)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00176 - 0.00823), b=3.20 (3.00 - 3.40), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .