Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Apteronotidae
Etymology: Sternarchella: Greek, sternon = sternon, + Greek, diminutive, archos = anus (Ref. 45335); calhamazon: Specific name is derived from the Portuguese 'calha' for channel plus 'Amazon', and is the name given to the 1992-1997 Brazilian-US collaborative ichthyological inventory of the deep river channels of the Brazilian Amazon.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Brazilian and Peruvian Amazon. Widespread and common in large river channels of the Amazon-Solimões mainstem and major tributaries from the Pará and Tocantins to Iquitos, and upstream in rio Negro to at least the confluence of rio Branco, and in the rio Madeira to at least the confluence wit río Beni.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93342)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 147 - 165;
Vertebrae: 77 - 79. Distinguished by its unique tail shape and the following associated characters: unusually deep caudal peduncle and electric organ; caudal peduncle depth at end of anal fin contained 12-18 times in LEA (length from snout tip to end of anal-fin base), 0.7-2.5 times in its length, and electric organ depth at end of anal fin about equal to or a little greater than snout length; caudal peduncle abruptly tapering before caudal fin; hemal spines above middle third of anal fin elongate, nearly twice longer than adjacent proximal anal-fin radials; two rows of intermuscular bones visible along ventral and ventrolateral sides of posteriorly deepening electric organ; precaudal vertebrae 13-15 including 4 vertebrae of the Weberian complex (Ref. 93342).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lundberg, J.G., C. Cox Fernandez, R. Campos-Da-Paz and J.P. Sullivan, 2013. Sternarchella calhamazon n. sp., the Amazon's most abundant species of apteronotid electric fish, with a note on the taxonomic status of Sternarchus capanemae Steindachner, 1868 (Gymnotiformes, Apteronotidae). Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci Phila. 162:157-173. (Ref. 93342)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00212 - 0.02156), b=2.98 (2.72 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .