Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Anostomidae
Etymology: Leporinus: Latin, lepus, leporis = rabbit (Ref. 45335); santosi: Named for Geraldo Mendes dos Santos, a researcher from INPA, for his important contributions to our knowledge of the fish fauna of the lower rio Tocantins, through his studies on the species of Anostomidae (Santos & Jégu, 1989), and on the impacts of the Tucuruí dam (Santos et al., 1984; Santos et al., 2004). An noun.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: lower rio Tocantins in Pará State, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93223)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 10;
Vertebrae: 33. Can be diagnosed from all other species of Leporinus , except L. gomes i, L. granti , and L. nijssen i, by the presence of three prominent dark midlateral blotches, smaller blotches formed by dermal pigment, five of which form an interrupted "X" between head and first midlateral blotch, small dark spots formed by epidermal pigment, terminal mouth with four teeth on premaxilla and four on dentary, and relatively few scales on lateral line (less than 36). Differs further from all congeners, except L. gomesi , by having a conspicuous dark spots on the center of scales on anterolateral portion of the body; from L. gomesi by having 16 (vs. 12) scale rows around the caudal peduncle, and the second midlateral dark blotch rounded and not extended posteriorly to the vertical through the posterior margin of the adipose fin (vs. second midlateral dark blotch elongate, extended posteriorly to the vertical through the posterior margin of the adipose fin) (Ref. 93223).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairs breed on densely grown weedy places (Ref. 205).
Britski, H.A. and J.L.O. Birindelli, 2013. A new species of Leporinus Agassiz, 1829 (Characiformes: Anostomidae) from the rio Tocantins, Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 11(1):25-32. (Ref. 93223)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00485 - 0.02598), b=3.04 (2.85 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .