Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Phallostethidae
Etymology: Phallostethus: Greek, phallos = penis + Greek, stetho, stethion = brest; literal = to prick a little breast (Ref. 45335); cuulong: The specific name is the Vietnamese name of the Mekong delta (Cưu Long), where the
type series of the new species was collected. A noun in apposition, means nine dragons, in reference to nine distributaries of the Mekong basin in Vietnam.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range 1 - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Soc Trang and Tra Vinh Provinces, Vietnam.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90869)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 24 - 27;
Vertebrae: 37 - 40. Differs from all other species of the genus Phallostethus in having the following characters: second ctenactinium with seven serrae in adult males; pectoral fin with 11-13 rays ; 11-14+25-26=37-40 vertebrae; approximately 5-19 teeth on paradentary. Males are dextral based on six specimens; 25-26 caudal vertebrae, sexual dimorphism is also found in the number of precaudal vertebrae, 13-14 in males and 11-12 in females (Ref. 90869).
Occurs in shallow waters (<1.2 m depth) around banks of slow-flowing turbid canals and rivers with soft muddy bottoms. Usually solitary. Sympatric with aplocheilid Aplocheilus panchax (Ref. 90869).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Shibukawa, K., D.D. Tran and L.X. Tran, 2012. Phallostethus cuulong, a new species of priapiumfish (Actinopterygii: Atheriniformes: Phallostethidae) from the Vietnamese Mekong. Zootaxa 3363:45-51. (Ref. 90869)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .