Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Hemiodontidae
Etymology: Hemiodus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); langeanii: Named for Dr. Francisco Langeani, for his highly relevant contributions to the knowledge of hemiodontid fishes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.4 - 6.8. Tropical; 26°C - 28°C (Ref. 91067)
South America: known of the type locality in the rio Amana, rio Maués-Açu drainage, near the boundary of the States of Pará and Amazonas, Brazil
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91067)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11 - 13;
Vertebrae: 36. Distinguished from other species of Hemiodus by its high body (27.1-35.3%, average 32.3% SL vs. 18.8-28.5% in remaining species). Other diagnostic characters include the following: presence of a large lateral dark spot that is equal to, or greater than, the eye diameter (vs. smaller in remaining species except for Hemiodus microlepis); absence of conspicuous lateral stripe or transverse bands; 68-74 scales on lateral line (vs. 94-123 in Hemiodus argenteus, 124-148 in Hemiodus microlepis, 86-99 in Hemiodus orthonops and 77-92 in Hemiodus parnaguae). Differs from Hemiodus unimaculatus (which overlaps in the number of lateral line scales) by having 9-10 scales between the lateral line and the pelvic fin origin (vs. 4-7), which are similar sized above and below lateral line (vs. scales larger bellow the lateral line in Hemiodus unimaculatus) (Ref. 91067).
Found in slow-flowing stretches of the rio Amana and igarapé Porquinho (1.0-2.5 m deep) and in artificial ponds (4.0-5.0 m deep and 40-70 m in diameter) resulting from gold-mining activities. The Rio Amana and its tributaries are characterized by clear water (not stained by humic acids) but turbid due to excess of fine suspended solids (clay) as a result of mining activities along river margins and/or bottom such as dredging (Ref. 91067).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Beltrão, H. and J. Zuanon, 2012. Hemiodus langeanii (Characiformes: Hemiodontidae), a new species from rio Amana, rio Maués-Açú drainage, Amazon basin, Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 10(2):255-262. (Ref. 91067)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00325 - 0.01855), b=3.12 (2.91 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .