Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Loricariinae
Etymology: tuna: The specific name 'tuna' is from the Amerindian Trio-Wayana meaning river, water. It refers to Harttia fluminensis, which has a name with the same meaning, because of their extreme morphological resemblance. A name used in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Upper Paru de Oeste River.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90209)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5. Distinguished from all other species of Harttia except Harttia fluminensis and Harttia trombetensis by having an incomplete abdominal cover restricted to preanal and abdominal lateral plates with a row of platelets joining these two series of plates (vs. absence of row of platelets making junction between preanal and lateral abdominal plates), and by its specific barcode sequence (JF292262). Differs from Harttia fluminensis by having a shallower head (31.96-38.77, mean 36.52 ± 1.80% of HL, vs. 37.31-43.30, mean 38.94 ± 1.42% of HL); and from Harttia trombetensis by the color pattern of the caudal fin (a dark rounded blotch at base of caudal fin, vs. a large dark band). Four morphometric
variables strictly characterize Harttia tuna: longer head (mean = 24.97 ± 1.14%
of SL vs 23.19 ± 1.33 < mean < 24.15 ± 1.38% of SL); greater predorsal length (mean = 33.58 ± 0.84% of SL vs. 32.10 ± 1.05 < mean < 33. 01 ± 1.11% of SL); smaller postdorsal length (mean = 55.44 ± 1.10% of SL vs 56.63 ± 0.94 < mean < 57.35 ± 1.26% of SL); and smaller orbital diameter (mean = 20.97 ± 1.12% of HL vs. 22.68 ± 1.43 < mean < 23.37 ± 1.08% of HL) (Ref. 90209).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Covain, R., S. Fisch-Muller, J.I. Montoya-Burgos, J.H. Mol, P.-Y. Le Bail and S. Day, 2012. The Harttiini (Siluriformes, Loricariidae) from the Guianas: a multi-table approach to assess their diversity, evolution, and distribution. Cybium 36(1):115-161. (Ref. 90209)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00153 - 0.00788), b=3.16 (2.97 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .