Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Siphamia: A Swazi word, siphama, for a fish; stenotes: The species is named stenotes (Greek: "narrowest") with reference to its dark body stripes, which are the narrowest of any of the striped species in the genus (Ref. 90035).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 11 - 45 m (Ref. 90035). Tropical
Western Pacific: Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.4 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7 - 8. Dorsal rays VII+I,9; anal rays II,8 (rarely II,7); pectoral rays usually 13, occasionally 14; tubed lateral-line scales 9-11; median predorsal scales about 4 (missing or incomplete on all specimens); total gill rakers 2+10 (rarely 2+9), all rakers developed. Body ovate, its depth 2.6-3.1 in SL, and body width 2.0–2.7 in the depth; eye diameter 2.6-3.1 in head length; first dorsal spine 2.8-4.2 in second spine; second dorsal spine 3.5-4.0, spine of second dorsal fin 3.4-4.0, and second anal spine 3.4-5.7, all in head length; pectoral-fin length 4.5-5.0 and pelvic-fin length 4.5-4.8 in SL; caudal-peduncle length 1.1-1.7 in distance between pelvic spine insertion and anal-fin origin. Preopercular ridge smooth, the margin with 7-15 fine serrations concentrated around angle. Vomer with narrow band of small teeth forming v-shape; palatines with narrow band of small teeth. Scales large, thin and deciduous, cycloid on anterior half of body and weakly spinoid on posterior half. Tip of light organ on each side of tongue bound by membrane. (Ref. 90035).
Forms aggregations among crinoids (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gon, O. and G.R. Allen, 2012. Revision of the Indo-Pacific cardinalfish genus Siphamia (Perciformes: Apogonidae). Zootaxa 3294:1-84. (Ref. 90035)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00729 - 0.03291), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .