Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae
(Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae
Etymology: Orestias: After Orestes in the Greek mythology?; gloriae: The specific epithet gloriae honors the research work of Gloria Arratia on Chilean fishes, and especially those of the Andean region (Ref. 89071).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. High altitude; 21°S - 22°S, 68°W - 69°W
South America: Chile. Loa Province, springs of Carcote saltpan (Ref. 89071).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89071); 7.0 cm (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
A relatively slender-bodied species, Orestias gloriae is clearly distinguished from all other species of Orestias by the following unique characters: (1) The lyre-shaped pattern of dorsal neuromasts, which is characteristics of Orestias is reduced to the rostral and anterior supraorbital lines formed by small neuromasts followed caudally by few and large isolated neuromasts, which are irregularly placed. (2) The infraorbital line of neuromasts is represented by a discontinuous series of few small neuromasts. (3) The supraorbital line of neuromasts is not connected with both the infraorbital and preopercle-mandibular lines. (4) The skull roof is covered by thick, irregularly-shaped cycloid scales some of which bear marked ridges, whereas other lack ornamentation. (5) The large, irregularly-shaped scales covering the posterior part of the skull roof are ankylosed to each other into a thin, rigid plate. In addition, O. gloriae presents a protractile upper jaw reaching one-third of the head length when extended. This value is higher than those found in other species of Orestias with protactibility and inhabiting the southern Chilean Altiplano. The new species has 29-31 vertebrae, a value that represents the lowest range among species of Orestias (Ref. 89071).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Vila, I., S. Scott, M.A. Mendez, F. Valenzuela, P. Iturra and E. Poulin, 2012. Orestias gloriae, a new species of cyprinodontid fish from saltpan spring of thesouthern high Andes (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 22(4):345-353. (Ref. 89071)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00420 - 0.02171), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .