Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Nemacheilidae
Etymology: himalaya: Name from the Sanskrit (of Hima-Alaya), meaning ‘adobe of snow’; referring to the Himalayan Mountain Range to which the species is endemic.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical
Asia: Koshi and Gandaki River basins in Nepal.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95092)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 42 - 43. Differs from its hypothesized congener, Turcinoemacheilus kosswigi, from the Euphrates, Tigris and Karoun basins of the Middle East, by the following characters: presence of small scales on the posterior half of its body (vs. absence of all scales); shorter caudal peduncle length 12-15% standard length (vs. 16-23); shorter snout length 28-36% head length (vs. 40-49); and color pattern, which includes the presence of small irregularly shaped dark grey markings over the lateral body surface (Ref. 88137).
Specimens were collected from large rivers (>10 m width) and medium-sized (5-10 m wide) tributaries of the Koshi and Gandaki River systems of eastern and central Nepal. At the
type locality in the Koshi basin, the Indrawati River is a pristine, fast to torrential flowing river, over a cobble and boulder substratum, with a well-developed gravel shoreline. At this site, the species was collected close to shore, together with juveniles of Psilorhynchus pseudecheneis and an unidentified species of Schistura by sifting a dip net or small seine through gravel. In the Gandaki basin, specimens were collected (during each season of the year) in well-oxygenated, shallow riffles and runs with moderate to swift flow over clean, mainly pebble and cobble substratum (Ref. 88137).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Conway, K.W., D.R. Edds, J. Shrestha and R.L. Mayden, 2011. A new species of gravel-dwelling loach (Ostariophysi: Nemacheilidae) from the Nepalese Himalayan foothills. J. Fish Biol. 79:1746-1759. (Ref. 88137)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00312 - 0.01398), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .