Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Ambassidae
Etymology: verae: of her generous assistance and logistic support (Ref. 88067).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical
Asia: Indonesia. Gymnochanda verae is currently known only from the Gantung area in the eastern part of Pulau Belitung, a large Indonesian island at the northwestern corner of the Java Sea, between the islands of Sumatra and Borneo (Ref. 88067).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 88067)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Gymnochanda verae can be differentiated from its congeners by the following characters: mature males with expanded anal and second dorsal fins, the soft rays of both fins extending to midway of the caudal fin, forming a triangular profile; the highly elongated rays of the anal and second dorsal fins joined throughout their length by the interradial membrane; up to half of the distal part of both the anal and the second dorsal fins carmine red in life (hyaline when preserved); distal half of both upper and lower caudal-fin lobes carmine red in life (hyaline when preserved); female without any elongated fin rays or colour. Gymnochanda verae also differs from its congeners apparently in having more serrae on its head: supraorbital ridge with 7 anterior serrae (vs. 0–5 anterior spines in the other species), preorbital ridge with 3 serrae (vs. 4 in G. flamea and 2 in G. limi); preopercular ridge with 7 serrae (vs. 1–4 in the other species); interopercle with 2 serrae (vs. none in G. limi and G. flamea); hind margin of preopercle with up to 9 serrae (vs. 1–5 in the other species). Information on head serrations on G. filamentosa are from Fraser-Brunner (1954: 210) and Boeseman (1957: 76), and on G. limi from Kottelat (1995: 56) (Ref. 88067).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Tan, H.H. and K.K.P. Lim, 2011. A new species of glass-perch from Belitung Island, Indonesia (Teleostei: Ambassidae: Gymnochanda). Gymnochanda verae Tan & Lim, 2011. Zootaxa 3085:55-62. (Ref. 88067)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .