Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Stigmatochromis: Greek, stigma = mark, signal + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); macrorhynchos: Specific epithet a noun in apposition from Greek makros meaning 'long' and rhynchos meaning 'snout', referring to the elongated snout of this species (Ref. 87930).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 13°S - 14°S, 34°E - 35°E
Africa: southern Lake Malawi in Malawi (Ref. 87930).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87930)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 15 - 16;
soft rays: 8 - 9. Diagnosis: The presence of supra-pectoral and supra-anal spots, which do not extend to the base of the dorsal fin, combined with a snout length longer than the post-orbital head length distinguishes this species as a member of Stigmatochromis (Ref. 87930). It is further diagnosed by the presence of mostly unicuspid teeth in the outer rows of the lower jaws; Stigmatochromis macrorhynchos has a narrower interorbital width than S. melanchros, 13.7–16.2% of head length vs. 19.3–20.5%, and a shorter snout to pelvic-fin origin than S. melanchros and S. modestus, 38.4-40.3% of standard length vs. 42.2-44.6% and 42.2-46.9% respectively; the distance between the dorsal fin origin and the posterior anal fin insertion is shorter in S. macrorhynchos, 51.2–51.8% of standard length, than in all other Stigmatochromis species, 53.5–57.2%; the distance between the anterior dorsal fin to pelvic-fin origin of S. macrorhynchos, 27.7–30.0% of standard length, is shorter than in S. modestus, 30.3–33.8%, S. woodi, 31.9–38.1%, and S. melanchros, 35.7–36.1%, and longer than in S. pholidophorus, 26.8%, and S. pleurospilus, 27.5%; the snout length of S. macrorhynchos, 38.0–41.2% of head length, is longer than in S. modestus, 33.5–37.4%, and S. pholidophorus, 37.1%; the smaller head depth of S. macrorhynchos, 59.8–63.6% of head length, further distinguishes it from S. woodi, 64.1–75.8%, and S. melanchros, 67.8–76.8% (Ref. 87930).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stauffer, J.R. Jr., R.M. Cleaver-Yoder and A.F. Konings, 2011. Two new species of Stigmatochromis (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from Lake Malawi, Africa. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 124(3): 212-222. (Ref. 87930)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00677 - 0.03085), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .