Stigmatochromis macrorhynchos Stauffer, Cleaver-Yoder & Konings, 2011

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Stigmatochromis macrorhynchos
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Stigmatochromis: Greek, stigma = mark, signal + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335);  macrorhynchos: Specific epithet a noun in apposition from Greek makros meaning 'long' and rhynchos meaning 'snout', referring to the elongated snout of this species (Ref. 87930).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical; 13°S - 14°S, 34°E - 35°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: southern Lake Malawi in Malawi (Ref. 87930).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87930)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 15 - 16; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9. Diagnosis: The presence of supra-pectoral and supra-anal spots, which do not extend to the base of the dorsal fin, combined with a snout length longer than the post-orbital head length distinguishes this species as a member of Stigmatochromis (Ref. 87930). It is further diagnosed by the presence of mostly unicuspid teeth in the outer rows of the lower jaws; Stigmatochromis macrorhynchos has a narrower interorbital width than S. melanchros, 13.7–16.2% of head length vs. 19.3–20.5%, and a shorter snout to pelvic-fin origin than S. melanchros and S. modestus, 38.4-40.3% of standard length vs. 42.2-44.6% and 42.2-46.9% respectively; the distance between the dorsal fin origin and the posterior anal fin insertion is shorter in S. macrorhynchos, 51.2–51.8% of standard length, than in all other Stigmatochromis species, 53.5–57.2%; the distance between the anterior dorsal fin to pelvic-fin origin of S. macrorhynchos, 27.7–30.0% of standard length, is shorter than in S. modestus, 30.3–33.8%, S. woodi, 31.9–38.1%, and S. melanchros, 35.7–36.1%, and longer than in S. pholidophorus, 26.8%, and S. pleurospilus, 27.5%; the snout length of S. macrorhynchos, 38.0–41.2% of head length, is longer than in S. modestus, 33.5–37.4%, and S. pholidophorus, 37.1%; the smaller head depth of S. macrorhynchos, 59.8–63.6% of head length, further distinguishes it from S. woodi, 64.1–75.8%, and S. melanchros, 67.8–76.8% (Ref. 87930).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Stauffer, J.R. Jr., R.M. Cleaver-Yoder and A.F. Konings, 2011. Two new species of Stigmatochromis (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from Lake Malawi, Africa. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 124(3): 212-222. (Ref. 87930)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 19 June 2018

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00703 - 0.03260), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .