Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Otocinclus: Greek, ous, oto = ear + Latin, cinclus = latticework; in allusion to the holes of the head in the ears (Ref. 45335). More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical
South America: lower río Paraná drainage, lower and middle rio Uruguai, and río de La Plata.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86395)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from all congeners species except Otocinclus mimulus, by having five pectoral branched rays (vs. six pectoral branched rays), and except from Otocinclus mimulus and Otocinclus xakriaba by having the prootic involved in the contact with the hyomandibular articular condyle (vs. only compound pterotic contacting the hyomandibular articular condyle). Differs from Otocinclus mimulus by having a not elevated patch of enlarged odontodes on the postero-dorsal parietosupraoccipital tip and 15 caudal vertebrae (vs. having an elevated patch of enlarged odontodes on the parietosupraoccipital and typically having 16-17 caudal vertebrae). Can be further distinguished (except for Otocinclus affinis, Otocinclus hasemani, Otocinclus xakriaba, Otocinclus mimulus and Otocinclus flexilis) by possessing an iris operculum, and from Otocinclus affinis, Otocinclus mimulus and Otocinclus xakriaba by having a not elevated patch of enlarged odontodes on the postero-dorsal parieto-supraoccipital tip. Differs also from all remaining congeners (except for
Otocinclus xakriaba, Otocinclus flexilis, and Otocinclus mimulus) by having a lateral trunk coloration composed of either a row of 3-6 distinct dark blotches or a distinct dark stripe extending from the compound pterotic to the base of the caudal fin, or a diffuse mixture of those two color patterns (Ref. 86395).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lehmann, A.P., F. Mayer and R.E. Reis, 2010. Re-validation of Otocinclus arnoldi Regan and reappraisal of Otocinclus phylogeny (Siluriformes: Loricariidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 8(1):57-68. (Ref. 86395)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00221 - 0.01307), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .