Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Australoheros: From the Latin word 'australis' meaning southern, and the name Heros, after the nominotypic genus of the heroini tribe.
tribe; perdi: The specific name perdi refers to the Parque Estadual do Rio Doce (PERD), the locality where the species was collected.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: known only from the type locality, Parque Estadual do Rio Doce (PERD), lacustrine region of the middle Doce River basin, Doce River Valley in southeastern Brazil.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 16.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87295)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 14 - 16;
soft rays: 8 - 10;
Vertebrae: 25. Diagnosed from all other species of Australoheros by having only 25 vertebrae and by a combination of the following characters: three abdominal bars in all stages of life; a conspicuous; rounded caudal-fin base spot; a conspicuous wide longitudinal stripe; head with depression in the region above the eyes; tip of pelvic fin reaching vertical through third to sixth anal-fin spine base; 14-16 dorsal-fin spines; 11-13 pectoral-fin rays; 12 caudal vertebrae; 22 proximal radials on dorsal-fin base, 13 proximal radials on anal-fin base; 11 pleural ribs; caudal peduncle length 9.3-13.4% SL; caudal peduncle depth 16.5-22.7% SL; a wide ectopterygoid; last anal-fin spine length 14.4-20.8% SL; and lower jaw length 19.6-28.4% SL (Ref. 87295).
Found in Lagoa Gambazinho, a small and elongated oligotrophic lake situated within Parque Estadual do Rio Doce (PERD) with maximum depth of 10.3 m without occurrence of thermal stratification. Adults feed on shrimp Macrobrachium jelskii, fish, aquatic and terrestrial insects, plant materials and other invertebrates. Immature individuals take zooplankton, mainly cladocerans as food. Smallest mature female and male measure 5.0 and 7.2 cm TL, respectively (Ref. 87295).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ottoni, F.P., A.Q. Lezama, M.L. Triques, E.N. Fragoso-Moura, C.C.T. Lucas and F.A.R. Barbosa, 2011. Australoheros perdi, new species (Teleostei: Labroidei: Cichlidae) from the lacustrine region of the Doce River Valley, southeastern Brazil, with biological information. Vertebr. Zool. 61(1):137-145. (Ref. 87295)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00537 - 0.03545), b=3.00 (2.77 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .