Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Alepocephalidae
Etymology: Leptoderma: Greek, leptos = thin + Greek, derma = skin (Ref. 45335); macrophthalmum: The specific epithet macrophthalmum (from Greek makros, large, and Greek ophthalmos, eye) refers to the large eyes found in this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range ? - 2107 m (Ref. 86873). Deep-water; 43°N - 42°N, 23°W - 30°W
Atlantic Ocean: North Atlantic. Caught at the Mid Atlantic Ridge, north of the Azores (Ref. 86873).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86873)
Morphology | Morphometrics
The species differs from three of the four other congeneric species (L. affinis, L. macrops and L. retropinna) by having a distinct gap between the posterior ends of the dorsal and anal fins and the beginning of procurrent caudal finrays. This gap is absent in the three species mentioned, but present in the fourth (L. lubricum), from which L. macrophthalmum differs by having a lack of dermal papillae along the lateral line, pectoral fins lower on body, a larger eye relative to head dimensions, and a shorter pre-dorsal length (Ref. 86873).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Byrkjedal, I., J.Y. Poulsen and J. Galbraith, 2011. Leptoderma macrophthalmum n. sp., a new species of smooth-head (Otocephala: Alepocephalidae) from the Mid Atlantic Ridge. Zootaxa 2876:49-56. (Ref. 86873)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00181 - 0.00797), b=3.16 (2.97 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .